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C++ with Interfaces

September, 2004: C++ with Interfaces

Listing 1

// a baz "interface"
class baz
    // forward declarations
    template <class T>
    struct functions;
    // interface calls
    template <class T>
    baz(T& x)
      : _m_a(&x), _m_t(&functions<T>::table)
    int foo(int x)
    { return _m_t->foo(const_cast<void*>(_m_a), x); }
    int bar(char const* x)
    { return _m_t->bar(const_cast<void*>(_m_a), x); }
    // Function table type for the baz interface
    struct table
        int (*foo)(void*, int x);
        int (*bar)(void*, char const*);
    // For a given referenced type T, generates functions for the
    // function table and a static instance of the table.
    template <class T>
    struct functions
        static baz::table const table;
        static int foo(void* p, int x)
        { return static_cast<T*>(p)->foo(x); }
        static int bar(void* p, char const* x)
        { return static_cast<T*>(p)->bar(x); }
    void const* _m_a;
    table const* _m_t;
template <class T>
baz::table const
baz::functions<T>::table = {
  , &baz::functions<T>::bar
#include <cstring>
#include <cstdio>

struct some_baz
    int foo(int x) { return x + 1; }
    int bar(char const* s) { return std::strlen(s); }
struct another_baz
    int foo(int x) { return x - 1; }
    int bar(char const* s) { return -std::strlen(s); }
int main()
    some_baz f;
    another_baz f2;
    baz p = f;
    std::printf("p.foo(3) = %d\n", p.foo(3));
    std::printf("p.bar(\"hi\") = %d\n", p.bar("hi"));
    p = f2;
    std::printf("p.foo(3) = %d\n", p.foo(3));
    std::printf("p.bar(\"hi\") = %d\n", p.bar("hi"));

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